To learn more about our cookie policy, please check our Privacy Policy. The string runs over the saddle and is held in place by a bridge pin. Remember how the nut is one end of the vibrating length of the string? You can think of the pickguard as a shield for your guitar. Knowing what the parts are called will help you to understand tutorials and instructions about the instrument, and especially knowing the string names and fret numbers is essential for learning any song. The headstock holds the tuning pegs, which can be turned to change the pitch of the strings. When learning guitar, I (and other tutors) will make reference to some of the terminology found on this page, so you need to know where these parts are on your guitar and what their function is. Strats) tend to use 5-way pickup switches. The middle four strings are, of course, fifth, fourth, third, and second strings. Thank you for posting this info. The body of your guitar plays a large part in the tonal characteristics of your instrument. Plus, grab your free Uncommon Chords book and get personal help from me when you need it. If you're an absolute beginner, it's not that important right at this moment. Hopefully you found this guide to be informative and you feel more in tune with your guitar. Fretting a note is executed by pressing the string down behind a fret (on the headstock side of the fret). Also known as a scratch plate, the pick guard protects the finish on the body against the scratch of the pick as you strum/pick. The middle, narrow section of the guitar is called the, is the white strip closest to the headstock. These are the names of each part of the classical guitar. , The first fret is directly below the nut, then the second fret below that, and so on. The strings, meanwhile, are named for the note they play when open. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. These are the magnetic parts responsible for picking up the string vibrations and translating this into sound through your amplifier. Here are the parts that all guitars have: The first section of the guitar is called a headstock, on which you will find tuners and tuning pegs. The pickups are situated on the body where the fretboard ends. Have any questions, thoughts or ideas about this lesson? For example, you may be instructed to play the A string on the third fret to play the note C. The body of the guitar is a little different depending on what kind of guitar it is. The bridge on acoustic guitars serves exactly the same purpose - to transfer string vibration to the guitar body. The twelfth fret is almost always marked because this is where the notes are exactly one octave up from the open strings. You press the string(s) down just behind the fret wire to create a particular note or chord. The pickup selector switch chooses the pickups and therefore determines the sound. In this article, we’ll examine and explain all three parts … Every guitar is a little different, but there are three fundamental parts — the headstock, the neck, and the body. Necks are typically attached to the body with bolts, glue, or sometimes both. Mar 21, 2020 - In this lesson, we're going to learn the guitar parts names, how they work and how to take care of your instrument. You can always bookmark and refer back to this page if you need it later. Along the fretboard are raised metal frets, or fret wires. On the body, the bridge, the saddle, and the bridge pins hold the wires in place. Strings are numbered from the thinnest string (1st string) to the thickest string (6th string). 2. These are the basics but also essentials for you to start your guitar journey. The most common fretboard materials are rosewood and maple. This was really helpful with my guitar student this Am …. The upper bout is the part of the guitar body that is nearest the neck. To get signal out of a guitar, connect one end of a 1/4″ guitar cable (TS) to the output jack and the other end to your amplifier, DI box, pedal or pedalboard, mixer, or recording interface. When facing the guitar with the headstock up, the strings from left to right are low E, A, D, G, B, and high E. Memorizing the string names and the fretboard numbering system is very important, because most guitar tutorials will refer to a given string at a given fret. Along with the saddle, the bridge also helps to dial in action and intonation. In a nutshell, the truss rod increases or relieves the bow in the neck, which can help to eliminate fret buzz. The electric guitar (on the right) pictured above has what are called cutaways in its design - scoops where the neck meets the body. If you’re interested in an upgrade, Sweetwater’s Guitar Repair Shop is happy to help. The nut is a notched piece of plastic or bone installed where the headstock meets the fretboard of the guitar. The nut is the white strip closest to the headstock. The primary purpose of the guitar head for you to tune the guitar and has little effect on the guitar’s tone. If you hear someone refer to using "10's", they will likely mean a set of strings of which the skinniest string is .010 inches thick. Some soundholes may be off center or shaped differently (like an ƒ-hole). Piano, Guitar, Drums & TheoryVideo Tutorials Available 24/7Anytime, Any Place, Any Device, If you are interested in learning about terms beyond those discussed in this article, check out our article on, The first section of the guitar is called a. . The tone knob(s) allow you to adjust the amount of high frequency, or brightness, of your guitar, while the volume knob(s) adjust the overall output of your guitar. We will start from the top of the guitar and work our way down. Check out our string buying guides for more info. Being music makers ourselves, we love geeking out on all things gear. Read on to learn all about the anatomy of a guitar, and how the different parts work. This is where we tune the guitar and where one end of the string gets attached to the guitar. Electric guitars have different parts than acoustic guitars. Simply where each end of the strap attaches to the guitar, usually one at the base of the body, the other at the top of the body near the neck or even on the neck itself. Therefore, one of the first things you need to learn is the names of different parts of the guitar, so you can follow video lessons more easily and accurately. Subscribe  |  Donate  |  About  |  Contact  |  Site Policies. In a nylon string guitar, there are no pins, and the strings will instead be tied to the bridge. Your email address will not be published. Acoustic guitars use what is called a sound hole to amplify the sound of the picked or strummed strings. For beginners learning how to play the guitar, one of the first lessons should be guitar anatomy. At the bottom of the headstock is the nut, which is the dividing point between the headstock and the neck. Guitars are made up of tonewoods, strings, hardware (metal and plastic), and electronics — all working together to create a music machine. If you'd like a detailed explanation about guitar parts, you can also watch our video on the anatomy of guitar here. This tuning (E-A-D-G-B-E) is called standard tuning. On acoustic guitars the pickup can be in several places. Chris, Thank you for your kind words. Copyright 2014 Â© | All Rights Reserved, Making a Living as a classical guitarist. thanks.. It may seem intimidating at first, but going over it once a day for a week or so should help you memorize this information easily. The fretboard is a separate piece of wood from the neck and may be the same or a different type of wood, such as a maple fretboard on a maple neck, or a rosewood fretboard on a mahogany neck. Let us know using the comments form below. So, pretty straightforward stuff, but take your time as always. On a standard six string guitar their are six tuning machines that provide the mechanism to tune each string. Electric guitars have different parts than acoustic guitars.