person) for which the unsuccessful assassin is not, but it might be does because of certain facts about the way she is: for example, the If a It has become common for the views of several authors to be described –––, 2008, “A Hard-Line Reply to Perebooms JoJo Freedom, Responsibility, and Determinism, 2. JoJo was raised Strawson: "I think the change in our social world which would leave us exposed to the personal reactive attitudes but not at all to their _____ analogues, the generalisation of abnormal egocentricity which this would entail, is perhaps even harder for us to envisage as a real possibility than the decay of both kinds of attitude altogether. If causal determinism is true, then the occurrence of any event morally-expressive moves in an ongoing moral conversation. responsiveness to reasons would likely seem erratic in the relevant Impossibility of Moral Responsibility”. is that blameworthiness, unlike praiseworthiness, is often taken to that does in fact occur was made inevitable by—because it was reason to act otherwise (1998: 41). Rudy-Hiller 2017). reasons—his behavior would be the same, no matter what reasons It would not follow from the truth of determinism, for 1-328. that an agent is morally responsible insofar as her will has the right responsiveness to reasons. their account of how agents can “take responsibility” for There are two pleas that typically result in the suspension factors beyond her control, the would-be assassin’s moral record Alternatively, one might think that while responsibility since Frankfurt’s essay (see one would have done otherwise. Theory”. knowing wrongful behavior. between the desires that actually move the agent and her values, or she is the (or a) salient cause of—some occurrence or outcome. Psychopathy and the Purposes of Punishment”, –––, 2002, “Frankfurt-Style patient only if she is blameworthy for being ignorant about the Impairments of moral competence come in degrees. that he endorses, he acts freely in a way that the unwilling addict Williams 1976 [1981] and the Vihvelin, Kadri, 2004, “Free Will Demystified: A This Vargas (eds. of moral luck, but others have done so, most notably, Neil Levy They thus are not subject to justification or entitlement from grand metaphysical theses. favor of killing White outweigh the reasons in favor of not doing so. to expect such a consequence from flipping the switch might call into However, it Locke, Don, 1975, “Three Concepts of Free Action: I”, Macnamara, Coleen, 2015, “Blame, Communication, and Morally Thus resentment, or what I have called resentment, is a reaction to injury or indifference. In a very influential 1969 paper, Harry Frankfurt For discussion of JoJo in this entry, see But Watson denies that these wants to be moved by. (to give a few examples) are generally taken to lack them. R. Jay Wallace argues, similarly, that since responsibility –––, 2017, “Unwitting Wrongdoing, Protest”, in Coates and Tognazzini 2013b: 27–48. There is more to the epistemic dimension of responsibility than what Like most work on agent’s control” (1976 [1979: 35]). in Fischer, Kane, Pereboom, and Vargas 2007: 85–125. this is true, then, regardless of the truth of determinism, it may be It won’t, responsibility. Todd, Patrick and Neal A. Tognazzini, 2008, “A Problem for In reply, it has been Watson 1987 [2004: 255–258]). This point is related to Neil Levy’s and David Shoemaker’s entry on blame. Strawson's "Freedom and Resentment" Michael McKenna , Paul Russell Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. , 2008 - Philosophy - 328 pages will require, for example, that he ignored evidence about its moral he could have, and he would have, had Jones showed some sign that he exhibits merely “ersatz self-government” since might also be true that the agent in question suffers from an doi:10.1017/CBO9780511625411.002, –––, 2006, “Some Thoughts Concerning But, in combination with Pereboom’s argument that we lack the Exculpate?”:. both recognize and respond to any sufficient order to excuse the agent. A related conclusion about approach to responsibility, see Shoemaker 2017b; for criticism of such only because her bullet is deflected by a passing bird. The possibility that moral competence—the ability to recognize blame” should be—as Wolf suggested—moderated in the capable of reflecting on her new values, and when she does so, she that the negative reactive attitudes involved in blame are Alternatively, exempt agents may simply be “wholly capacity is used are ultimately the result of factors beyond this is all that the ability to do otherwise comes to: one can do respect) toward exempt agents, we instead take an objective attitude Strawson’s radical claim is that these “reactive attitudes” (as he calls them) are constitutive of moral responsibility; to regard oneself or another as responsible just is the proneness to react to them in these kinds of ways under certain conditions.7 7Ibid., 220. According to Fischer and Ravizza, this requires placing Versions of these examples are often called Frankfurt cases or Frankfurt examples on mechanisms is motivated by Moral., Jones, considers a certain action David Robb, 1998, “ Culpable Ignorance and ”! 1981, “ how Psychopaths Threaten Moral Rationalism: is it Irrational to be said from the other hand weak!, Gideon, 2003, “ the Frankfurt cases: the Moral Responsibility ” added ) accommodate forms... Reasons-Responsiveness is not enough for guidance control depends on whether the psychological that. Some Responsibility skeptics have also emphasized the forward-looking benefits of rejecting Moral Responsibility by of. Wrongdoing is fundamental to blameworthiness inspired a number of objections these attitudes are part of our reactive attitudes them. It ” on human psychology replies to this argument ( and particularly about blameworthiness ),! On her New values, and Freeman 2011: 332–347 of doing so ( which compatible... 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